Petroleum derived diesel (known as petro-diesel) is a mixture of straight run product (150 °C and 350 °C) with varying amount of selected cracked distillates and is composed
Jet fuel is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines. It is clear to straw-colored in appearance. The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are JP54 and Jet-A1 which are produced to a standardized international specification.
Mazut is a heavy, low quality fuel oil, used in generating plants and similar applications. Mazut is blended or broken down, with the end product being diesel.
Over the years, Natural Gas has emerged as the 'fuel of choice' across the world. It is steadily replacing traditional fossil fuels due to its environment friendly characteristics which help in meeting the stipulated automobile emission norms.
Bitumen road produced in refineries from various types of oil, each with different properties and chemical composition. The result is a complex dispersion mixture consisting of hetero-hydrocarbon compounds and which are not subject to boiling off, even at higher distillation temperatures.
LPG is a clean, high octane, abundant and eco-friendly fuel. It is obtained from natural gas through fractionation and from crude oil through refining. It is a mixture of petroleum gases like propane and butane. The higher energy content in this fuel results in a 10% reduction of CO2 emission as compared to MS.
A lubricant is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move. It may also have the function of transmitting forces, transporting foreign particles, or heating or cooling the surfaces.
Asphalts are obtained by the oxidation of residual heavy oil in air at higher temperature and vacuum distillation. Asphalt has high viscosity, occur in semi- solid forms. It is used for road –making and water proofs. After refining, the remaining impurities known as sludge are removed.
Petroleum coke is a by-product of the coker process in the oil industry. In its raw form, it is also called “green coke” or green petroleum coke. Calcined petroleum coke is an important industrial commodity that links the oil and the metallurgical industries as it provides a source of carbon for various metallurgical applications including the manufacture of anodes for the aluminum pot liners and for graphite electrodes.